What are the Signs and Symptoms of Shaken Baby Syndrome?

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Shaken Baby Syndrome is a type of inflicted traumatic brain injury that happens when a baby is violently shaken.

A baby has weak neck muscles and a large, heavy head. Shaking makes the fragile brain bounce back and forth inside the skull and causes bruising, swelling, and bleeding, which can lead to permanent, severe brain damage or death.

The characteristic injuries of shaken baby syndrome are subdural hemorrhages (bleeding in the brain), retinal hemorrhages (bleeding in the retina), damage to the spinal cord and neck, and fractures of the ribs and bones. These injuries may not be immediately noticeable.

Shaken Baby Syndrome Symptoms

The symptoms of shaken baby syndrome include extreme irritability, lethargy, poor feeding, breathing problems, convulsions, vomiting, and pale or bluish skin.

Shaken baby injuries usually occur in children younger than 2 years old, but may be seen in children up to the age of 5.

Shaken Baby Syndrome Treatment

Emergency treatment for a baby who has been shaken usually includes life-sustaining measures such as respiratory support and surgery to stop internal bleeding and bleeding in the brain.

Doctors may use brain scans, such as MRI and CT, to make a more definite diagnosis.

Prognosis of Shaken Baby Syndrome

In comparison with accidental traumatic brain injury in infants, shaken baby injuries have a much worse prognosis. Damage to the retina of the eye can cause blindness. The majority of infants who survive severe shaking will have some form of neurological or mental disability, such as cerebral palsy or mental retardation, which may not be fully apparent before 6 years of age.
Children with shaken baby syndrome may require lifelong medical care.

Where Can I Get More Information?

The Arc of the United States
1010 Wayne Avenue
Suite 650
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Tel: 301-565-3842
Fax: 301-565-3843 or -5342
E-mail Info@thearc.org
Website: www.thearc.org

Think First Foundation [National Injury Prevention Program]
5550 Meadowbrook Drive
Suite 110
Rolling Meadows, IL 60008
Tel: 847-290-8600
Tel: 800-THINK-56 (844-6556)
Fax: 847-290-9005
E-mail thinkfirst@thinkfirst.org
Website: www.thinkfirst.org